Fescue seeds prefer a soil temperature range between 50 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. However, … Some schedules call for a summer application. Many aggressive lawn weeds go dormant as temperatures fall, so new grass faces less weed competition. With early fall planting, seed gets a full fall growing season. In contrast, seeding in late fall causes potential germination failure – when only a few seeds germinate within the ideal two-week window –- if cold temperatures arrive early, resulting in patchy lawns. As in fall, time spring planting to coincide with soil temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer and consistent air temperatures between 68 to 77 F.2. Follow best practices for planting grass seed, from seed selection and soil testing to proper care during germination and beyond. ©2017 The Rebels. Tall fescue is an important turf grass in the United States today, but that wasn't always the case. For more information on mowing lawns refer to HGIC 1205, Mowing Lawns. Spring planting gives tall fescue less time to get established before summer heat replaces favorable growing temperatures. Optimum air temperatures for tall fescue germination are 68 to 77°F and soil temperatures greater than 60°F. Fall offers several advantages not available any other time of year. By planting high-quality, high-performance tall fescue seed, such as The Rebels® Brand tall fescue seed products, your lawn benefits from years of turf-type tall fescue innovation and research. Grass that adapts well to clay soil is a rarity. Fescue grass (Festuca spp., hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 1 through 11) is a … ... You may have seen one of those time-lapse videos online or in a movie that shows a small seedling sprouting into a bigger plant. Heavy water droplets from a sprinkler or hose often wash seeds away – a light watering once a day is an effective strategy to germinate fescue within two weeks. 2. Then spring brings another period of cool-season growth before summer stress arrives. Tall fescue grass (Festuca arundinacea) is a cool-season grass that grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. For decades, the tall fescue cultivar Kentuckey-31 was planted widely as a forage and erosion control plant, because it is widely adapted, easy to establish, and long lived Tall Fescue. The new turf-type fescues should be planted at 6 to 8 lbs. Scotts® Turf Builder® Grass Seed Tall Fescue Mix. Early-flowering yellow forsythia bushes bloom when soil temperatures reach 55 F. Confirm soil temperature with a soil thermometer, and plan tall fescue seeding accordingly. What climate? Average germination time for grass seed. In general, plant tall fescue at least 45 days before your region's typical first fall frost date. Tall Fescue Germination Time When planted in the fall, the tall fescue germination time is typically four to 14 days. Fall rains typically arrive about the same time that favorable air and soil conditions align. In challenging southern conditions, choosing tall fescue varieties with superior heat and drought tolerance, such as those in The Rebels® Brand Southern Classic Blend, can improve your lawn's resilience to southern summers. One of the biggest things ground temperatures affect is seed germination. This nutrient-rich addition to the soil provides the seeds with as much nutrition as possible for successful germination and seedling growth. Cool weather in fall and spring presents optimal condition for seeding tall fescue. Bermuda? Planting tall fescue at the best time gives your lawn the best possible start, but timing isn't the only factor in seeding success. Fertilizing: Do not fertilize tall fescue after March 15. ST Augustine? Seeds germinate and grow when the right amount of water, warmth, and soil comes together. Rat-tail fescue, foxtail fescue Uses Erosion Control: Annual fescue has an excellent fibrous root system that provides soil stabilization on natural and man-made disturbed areas. Tall fescue seed requires consistent moisture during germination, and gentle fall rains meet that need. While spring offers good conditions for planting tall fescue, it holds some challenges. Planting turf-type tall fescue under the best possible conditions gives your seeding project a distinct advantage. As a cool-season grass, established tall fescue grows best during the cooler soil and air temperatures that happen in late summer to early fall and again in early spring. In addition, drag a rake across the amended soil to remove any bumps or low-lying dips. This allows time for the When Is the Best Time to Plant Fescue Grass?. Red fescue plugs are easy to propagate in a greenhouse. Seasonal fall and spring rains help keep germinating seed and seedling evenly moist. Do you have irrigation? If tall fescue is seeded at less than ideal conditions (too cool or no soil moisture), the seed will stay viable in the spring until the temperatures warm … It germinates best when the soil temperatures are between 50 and 65 degrees. Do not press the fescue seeds deeply into the soil – use a lawn roller to move the seeds slightly into the soil so that the seedlings easily reach sunlight for photosynthesis. With an electronics degree and more than 10 years of experience, she applies her love of gadgets to the gardening world as she continues her education through college classes and gardening activities. For best results and to make the most of your investment, select cultivars recommended on the Turffiles website. Cover the seeds lightly with soil when spread and lightly compact the soil to help ensure germination occurs. Also crabgrass. Soil should be tilled to a depth of 4 to 6 inches and broken up to a … 12. Unlike spring, when soil often becomes overly wet, fall soil is more likely to maintain healthy moisture levels. It is better for the air and soil temperatures to be warmer than cooler for the best germination rates. seed per 1,000 … Tall Fescue Lawn Care. Mowing: Mow lawn at a height of 3 inches. Fall is the best time to plant fescue and other cool season grass. It works as a lawn in either sunny or partially shady areas. G. Miller, “Spring Seeding Tall Fescue," North Carolina State TurfFiles, March 2008. Kentucky 31, known in the seed industry as KY-31 or K-31, helped tall fescue grasses transition from livestock pasture grasses to lush, durable, manicured lawns. Any unusual contours across your yard might cause puddling and seed germination failure during irrigation. Weed seed germination is also very high at those temperatures. … Rebels is a high performance, low maintenance Turf-Type Tall Fescue with varieties that perform well in heavy traffic areas, as well as sun and shade. Tall fescue in lawns stays green in winter unlike the warm season turf varieties. Late summer to early fall is the best time to plant tall fescue seed. 2. It will provide initial erosion control and as the site improves in condition, will allow climax species to invade. Seeding with high-performance seed such as The Rebels® Brand Extended Root Seed Varieties offers even greater protection against heat and potential drought. Seed is surface-sown into containers containing standard potting mix and seeds germinate within 15 days after planting. To get the most from your grass seed and your seeding efforts, time your planting to build on tall fescue's strengths and meet its needs. High soil temps cause rapid germination--about 80 degrees is about right. Whether seeding a new lawn or overseeding existing turf with The Rebels® Brand premium grass seed products, proper timing supports high germination rates and thorough establishment. Water stimulates fescue seeds to break their seed coat and produce a seedling. Numerous varieties are adapted for use in Pennsylvania, but the endophyte-free and friendly-endohyte varieties are higher in quality than varieties infected with the endophyte fungus. Cool, overly wet soil also encourages the development of fungal diseases that can impact germination, seedling growth and established lawns. Rye? Cool season grass such as Fescue, germinate best when the soil temperatures are between 50° and 65° degrees F. These soil temperatures usually occur when the daytime air temperatures are between 60° and 75° degrees. But evaporation of water is fast at high temps. If seeds are not in proper contact with the soil, they cannot germinate and grow well. Learn what makes turf-type tall fesuce a leading choice for high-quality, high-performance turf, and how you can have a thick, uniform, and low-maintenance lawn. Farther north, favorable conditions may wait until April or even early May. It does, however, need frequent deep watering in summer. A typical tall fescue seeding rate is 5 to 6 pounds of seed per 1000 square feet. 5 to 10 days. However, you must create a nutrient-rich environment and couple it with specific temperatures for successful seedling growth. If temperatures fluctuate too widely or you forget to water for a few days, the germination time will change. With mild temperatures returning in fall, fescue has a chance to establish itself after its summer dormancy and before cold winter weather strikes. Soil temperature, outdoor temperature, oxygen soil levels and water all affect how quickly the seeds germinate. In ideal conditions, grass seed begins to germinate in less than a month. As a result, spring-planted tall fescue may struggle more than fall-planted seed. Mow frequently enough so that no more than ⅓ of the grass blade is removed. Optimal spring planting times vary by location. Tall fescue seed needs soil temperatures near 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit for thorough germination and strong root development. Tall fescue: 7 to 12 days; Zoysia grass: 14 to 21 days; Read More. Tall fescue has been used extensively in the past, prior to the understanding of its endophytic fungus interactions and their implications. By timing your seeding properly and giving your lawn The Rebels® Brand advantage, you can grow and enjoy the best tall fescue lawn possible. Medium coarse bladed texture with high drought tolerance. Writing professionally since 2010, Amy Rodriguez cultivates successful cacti, succulents, bulbs, carnivorous plants and orchids at home. Tall fescue? As post-winter soil and air temperatures warm, spring is your second best time to plant tall fescue seed. Plant 1/8 inch (3 ml.) Seed will begin to grow in 6 - 14 days. The air temperature is 70 to 80°F and soil temperatures greater than 60°F. Tall fescue, 7 to 12 days to germinate Warm-season grasses take more time. It will make all the difference even this late in the season. One is free to walk, play and frolic on it after it has fully established at the 6-8 week mark. Most of this grass seed will grow within ten days and establish fully in 6-8 weeks, i.e., full across the lawn. The fescue grasses, when planted properly, germinate within 10 to 14 days. In most of tall fescue's growing range, the landscape provides timing clues. These soil temperatures roughly correspond to fall and spring air temperatures in the range of 68 to 77 F.1. Fall is the ideal time for seeding or overseeding tall fescue lawns. Zoysia Grass . Annual Ryegrass. 1. Fescue seeds takes approximately 14 to 21 days to germinate. Because there is less water at the soil surface, the fescue seedlings force their roots deep into the ground for moisture and the grass becomes rapidly established before dormancy occurs. Follow these best practices for grass seeding for a more beautiful and resilient lawn. You can mow … Tall fescue grass is one such sod grass and it also has low mowing and fertilization needs. Grass clippings decompose quickly and do not contribute to thatch. Buffalo? deep and keep mowed at … The effects of temperature and other factors on the germination of fescue seeds have been studied since the mid 1900s (Kearns and Toole, 1939). The plant is available in numerous cultivars, many of which resemble fine fescue but have wider lea… For a normal germination period of 10 to 14 days, fescue seeds need at least one-quarter inch of soil covering them. These outstanding turf-type tall fescues grow 40 percent more roots at deeper depths than ordinary grass seed, offering greater heat and drought tolerance as well as improved nutrient uptake. However, ungerminated seed may stay viable through winter and some additional germination may come with spring. Tupersan can be used at the time of seeding to control crabgrass while non-selective materials such as glyphosate (Roundup) can be used to control bermudagrass prior to planting tall fescue. Endophyte-infected varieties are well suited for planting on reclaimed strip mines and for other conservation uses where soil conditions are unusually adverse for plant growth. Tall fescue lawns will thrive on a regular a fertilizing schedule. Zoysia? Newly seeded turf-type tall fescue follows the same timing for optimal natural growth. Tall Fescue fertilization should be done on a scheduled basis. By timing tall fescue seeding to coincide with these conditions in your growing region, you work with natural advantages instead of against them — whether you seed in fall or spring. The fescue grasses, when planted properly, germinate within 10 to 14 days. Although you can successfully seed and germinate fescue in the spring, early summer heat might cause severe dieback among the viable seeds. In transition zone lawns, ideal conditions may arrive in March. Your tall fescue seed gets off to a strong start, before seasonal stresses of winter or summer arrive. Seedland: When to Plant Fescue Grass Seed, Seedland: When to Plant Grass Seeds - The Best Time to Plant Grass, Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences: The Cool-Season Turfgrasses, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: The UC Guide to Healthy Lawns, Optimal Germination Temperature for Fine Fescue. ... WATER is the single best thing you can do for your lawn at this time!! The Rebels is a trademark of Pennington Seed, Inc. 1. 7 to 12 days. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. Types of Grass. Germination normally occurs within 7 to 21 days under suitable moisture and soil temperatures conditions. 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